Publications & Resources

AACD Members Stay on the Forefront
Publications & Resources

Midline Archive

February 2021

Interdisciplinary Treatment Planning and Digital Workflow: Integrating Digital Smile Design and Orthodontic Aligners

by Rafael de Liz Pocztaruk, PhD; Newton Sesma, PhD; Karina Pintaudi Amorim, DDS;
Christian Coachman, DDS, CDT

An interdisciplinary approach in dentistry is important for comprehensive, complete, and effective patient care because patients are becoming more discriminating, increasing demands for more accurate diagnoses and more detailed treatment plans.

January 2021


The Lumisynchroma Layering Technique

by Rhodri Thomas, DDS
Natural teeth are complex, polychromatic structures that can be challenging for clinicians to restore while simultaneously reproducing the nuances perceived by the eye. Although custom shade tabs and other techniques have improved the direct composite restoration process, it is still incumbent upon dental artists to design a restoration using tooth-specific composite colors applied in varying thicknesses and locations.
This video introduces the lumisynchroma layering technique for reconstructing the esthetic complexities of nature using direct composite resin in clinical applications. Based on the Brunaille and Grisaille oil painting methods, this technique enables blending of varying resin hues to create the desired esthetic in terms of light and color influences.

December 2020


Overcoming and Preventing Surgical Grafting Complications

by Matt Young, DDS
 Surgical grafting complications sometimes occur after socket grafting procedures. How can we overcome these complications, or better yet, prevent them in the future?
Matt Young, DDS, guides you through the case of a patient who came to him complaining of pain in an extraction area. Upon examination, the soft tissue looked fine, although the X-ray revealed some issues from the procedure. Watch the video to see how Dr. Young overcame these complications for a successful outcome.

November 2020



My Jaw Joint Clicks: Temporomandibular Joint Overview

by Jim McKee, DDS
Many patients who are seeking esthetic enhancements also present with occlusal issues. We often assume occlusal issues are due to improper tooth position; however, many tooth position problems are the result of structural changes in the temporomandibular joints.

October 2020



Management of Cracked Teeth
by Jeffrey Lineberry, DDS, AAACD 

The New York Times recently referred to the "epidemic of cracked teeth" resulting from the stress and trauma associated with COVID-19. From poor sleeping habits to lack of ergonomics in work-from-home office set-ups, the author of the article, a dentist in Manhattan, claimed she has seen more tooth fractures in the last six months than she had in the previous six years.

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September 2020


by Camille J. Zelen, DDS

The restoration of a Class IV fracture is a commonly encountered challenge in dentistry. This clinical occurrence, often the result of a traumatic event, can interrupt an already busy schedule. The patient, unsure of the prognosis, may be somewhat fearful or anxious upon presenting for treatment. Having a step-by-step procedure in place for this type of situation enables the treating dentist to deliver a predictable result that is both clinically sound and of optimal esthetics.

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August 2020

Esthetic Management of a Reattached Tooth Fragment

July 2020

A Histo-Anatomic Analysis of Color: Dentin Anatomy and the Principle of Scattering
by Javier Tapia Guadix, DDS

In order to create the most natural-looking restorations, a thorough understanding of the histo-anatomic structures and light interaction of the natural dentition is key. While we generally have a great understanding of the external anatomy of teeth, gaining that same level of understanding of the internal anatomy is still not easy for dental practitioners. 
There are several techniques that allow us to analyze the relationship between the dentin anatomy and the enamel anatomy. Selective enamel dissolution allows enamel to dissolve in hydrochloric acid, giving us a true vision of the anatomy of the dentin. Becoming familiar with the relationship between convexity and concavity will assist us in creating the most natural-looking restorations. 

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June 2020

The Split Centripetal Build-Up Technique for Large Class II Composite Restorations
by Gaetano Paolone, DDS,
Salvatore Scolavino, DDS,
Nitzan Bichacho DMD

There are several layering approaches for Class II restorations. The most commonly used are horizontal layering (HL) and the centripetal build-up technique (CBT). The latter is a proven technique that, in order to simplify restorative and modeling procedures, converts a Class II cavity design to a Class I through the application of a thin composite interproximal wall. The CBT defines the perimeter of the restoration and, once it is completed, the clinician has the advantage of a Class I cavity design.

This short video presents a modified version (split CBT) for medium-to-large Class II cavities in which multiple thicker, separated interproximal increments are used to reduce the number of adhesive surfaces, minimize the shrinkage issues of resin-based restorative materials, and provide proper anatomical information for occlusal modeling.

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May 2020

Anterior Implants:
Key Points for Tooth Position/Free Gingival Margin

Jeffrey Babushkin, DDS, AAACD

Creating esthetic implant restorations that blend seamlessly with the neighboring dentition can be one of our greatest challenges. In 2001, Dr. John Kois identified five pretreatment diagnostic keys to help ensure esthetic results. Watch as AACD Accredited Member, Jeffrey Babushkin, DDS, AAACD, explores the first of these diagnostic keys in the context of two different high-risk cases. See how Dr. Babushkin improves biology to change gingival margins in order to ensure an esthetic result.

April 2020

The Inverse Injection Layering Technique
Douglas A. Terry, DDS, AAACD
John M. Powers, PhD
Markus B. Blatz, DMD, Dr med dent habil, PhD

The concept of generating a variety of parts for different manufacturing solutions using an injectable molding technique has existed for more than a century. Since its evolution, injection molding has been used by designers and engineers for myriad applications with a host of materials, including glass, metals, confections, elastomers, and thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers to fabricate a variety of complex shapes with high dimensional precision.

The advances in material science and adhesive technology have allowed this concept to be utilized with highly filled next-generation flowable systems. This first part of a planned two-part article provides a simplified, precise, and predictable method for developing natural esthetic composite restorations using this injectable concept with highly filled flowable materials.

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March 2020

Begin With the End in Mind: Preparing Teeth for Predictable Results
By Zachary Sisler, DDS

Preparing anterior teeth for esthetic restorations can be a daunting task for any clinician. In order for the dental laboratory technician to create an ideal restoration, the dentist must be able to prepare and contour a tooth to ensure adequate reduction has been allotted.

The use of preparation guides can increase the efficiency and efficacy of the preparation appointment by ensuring the process is calculated and accurate. It is important to remember that in order to achieve exceptional esthetic results, the dentist must begin with the end in mind. By beginning to visualize the end result during the treatment-planning phase, he or she can establish a diagnostic wax-up to act as a blueprint for the patient’s functional esthetic matrix.

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February 2020

Study & Practice: A Visual Essay on Pink Ceramics
By Jungo Endo, RDT

Creating lifelike restorations and gingiva requires a great deal of knowledge about tooth and gingiva morphology and color. It is necessary to study the different layers and structure of natural teeth and soft tissue and practice replicating them to achieve precise results. Studying the forms and color of natural teeth and soft tissue will help all patients, including the many who have suffered trauma to the teeth and gingiva. 

Patients who have suffered from trauma have been dealing with emotional and sometimes physical pain for years, with loss of bone and gingiva. The patient featured in this visual essay was unhappy with her existing restoration. The color of the restored gingiva did not match her natural soft tissue color. By harmonizing the pink and the white with her natural color, natural-looking and beautiful restorations were created. Today's patients have high esthetic demands, which requires us to push the envelope in creating periodontal tissues and teeth.

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January 2020

Master Highly Esthetic Class IV Restorations
By Dr. Brian P. LeSage, DDS, FAACD


Creating a Class IV restoration that blends in naturally with the surrounding tooth structure of the patient is one of the more challenging procedures dentists commonly face. It takes skill, creativity, an impeccable sense of esthetics, and a composite capable of delivering life-like results. 

In this video, Dr. Brian LeSage, founder of the Beverly Hills Institute of Dental Esthetics, shares his techniques to achieve exquisite Class IV restorations using Estelite Omega. Estelite Omega is a premium polychromatic composite system developed by Tokuyama Dental in collaboration with the world-renowned cosmetic dentist Dr. Newton Fahl, Jr. With only 11 composite shades, dentists can achieve exquisite results, and re-create tooth anatomy and polychromicity down to the smallest details of tertiary anatomy and maverick coloring.

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December 2019

Noninvasive Trial Restorations: A technique to Improve Diagnostic Mock-up Fabrication and Direct Provisionalization
ByJoão Malta Barbosa, DDS, MSc
Gonçalo Bártolo Caramês, DDS, MSc
Ronaldo Hirata, DDS, MSc, PhD
João Caramês, DDS, PhD
A. Alper Comut, DMD, DMSc

The noninvasive trial restoration (NTR) serves as a diagnostic and communication tool that allows 3D information to be transferred from the diagnostic wax-up to the patient's mouth. If esthetic alterations are required or requested by the patient, the silicone index can be poured and the alterations produced over a new model, saving the original diagnostic wax-up design. Together with clinical photographic documentation, pouring the NTR index improves patient-clinician-laboratory communication, because a 3D record representing the evolution of the esthetic design is saved and can be revisited at any time during the treatment.

The incorporation of noninvasive trial restorations is a desirable step for elective restorative treatments. Achieving a high level of accuracy and precision should be a goal of all the steps, including those involved in fabrication of the NTRs themselves, as they will provide information when decisions are made regarding possible invasive adjunctive treatments.

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November 2019

3 Tips for Finishing and Polishing a Composite Restoration
By James H. Peyton, DDS, FAACD

It's easy to run into trouble due to aggressive and haphazard polishing techniques. With an organized and minimally invasive protocol for finishing and polishing, you can improve—and even save—your anterior composite cases. 

Think of the finish, polish, and texture as the tooth’s “fingerprints”. If the adjacent teeth do not display similar characteristics, then—even if the contours are excellent—the case is lost.

These 3 tips can help you define an improved protocol for finishing and polishing your next restoration.

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October 2019

Restoration of Worn Teeth with Composite Resin Additions
By Dr. Tony Rotondo

The patient in this video presented wanting an aesthetic improvement—a “natural look”. She was aware of the localized wear on her maxillary anterior teeth, and the wear—although less so—of her mandibular anterior teeth. 

Her treatment plan involved orthodontics to align her moderately crowded anterior dentition, improve the maxillary arch form, align gingival levels, and create space for restorative material to be placed on the maxillary anterior teeth.

The clinician behind this case, Dr. Tony Rotondo, is a featured educator at the AACD Annual Scientific Session in Orlando, Florida, April 22-25, 2020. He will be presenting two courses, including a special invitational presentation open to AACD Accredited members only called Adventures in Composite Resin: Using composite resin in the management of complex cases—techniques, applications, and failures. 

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September 2019

Restoring Tetracycline-Stained Teeth with Feldspathic Porcelain Veneers
By David Leo Finkelstein, DDS & John R. Calamia, DMD 

Proper treatment planning enables execution of the most appropriate restorative techniques, preservation of healthy tooth structure, and realization of esthetic expectations. A detailed and comprehensive treatment plan is necessary.  

Collaboration among the dentist, laboratory, and patient to create an efficient roadmap from case presentation to delivery is a must.  

This step-by-step account of how communication, diagnostics, and collaborative techniques combined to successfully restore tetracycline-stained teeth. 

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August 2019

The Challenges of Matching a Single Central Incisor
By Dr. Margarita Aleksanyan, DDS, AAACD

Awareness and appearance is of utmost importance to patients today. With composite restorations being used for Class IV fractures, there is a tendency for discoloration and irregular contour and shape. 

This Midline shows a successful AACD Accreditation Case, Type II: One or Two Indirect Restorations. If you're pursuing AACD Accreditation, you won't want to miss this. 

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July 2019

Transitional Bonding for Severely Eroded Dentition
By Kevin M. Brown, DDS, AACD

Advances in every facet of dentistry have led to the reconstruction of worn and eroded teeth. From stronger materials to more efficient techniques, dentists and patients have never been happier with reconstructive procedures.

This Midline shows a case of major erosion of the teeth. Throughout the case, you will see the transformation of the patient's smile through every step in the process. 


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June 2019

Breathing Vivid Life into Our Creations
By Yuji Tsuzuki, CDT

By combining artistic sensibility and knowledge of functional essentials, we can maximize the use of various esthetic materials to resolve the challenges we face when creating restorations that mimic multiple facets of natural teeth.
This Midline outlines multiple cases that use a multifaceted approach to create a natural, but restored, smile.

Throughout the various cases, artistic elements are brought forth to make sure the restorations achieve the most natural look possible.

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May 2019

Invisalign® Go Clinical Case
Invisalign Go treatment is a simple, streamlined, fully digital way to give patients the smile they desire. Invisalign Go allows you to treat mild to moderate malocclusion cases with outcomes you can count on through enhanced movement predictability. Offering up to 20 aligners and movement from the second pre-molar to second pre-molar, Invisalign Go gives you the ability to expand arch width and align anterior teeth prior to restorative treatment.
Dr. Justin Leath, Rochester Hills, MI, had a patient present with minor rotating canines and minor crowding in the lower arch – see how he used Invisalign Go to deliver a beautiful smile and better oral health for his patient.  

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April 2019

Clinical Efficacy & Sensitivity of In-Office Tooth Whitening With & Without Light Treatment Combined With At-Home Bleaching
By Joe C. Ontiveros, DDS, MS; Magda S. Eldiwany, DDS, MS; Dianna M. Arriaga, DDS, MEd;
Rose-Marie Fay, DDS, MS; Maria D. Gonzalez, DDS, MS; Natalie A. Pereira Sanchez, DDS;
Marilia M. Sly, DDS, MSD; Rade Paravina, DDS, MS, PhD

This study compares clinical in-office bleaching of 6% hydrogen peroxide with and without light, plus three nights of treatment with 16% carbamide peroxide. Visual and instrumental color measurements were performed on 77 subjects immediately, one week, and two weeks after in-office bleaching.

*Find out which method had superior visual results. Plus earn FREE CE, if you are an AACD member. 

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March 2019

*Interactive Experience
Maximizing Esthetics and Function of FRC Posts and Full Composite Crowns in Endodontically Treated Teeth
By Gerardo Durán, DDS, MSc; Ismael Henríquez, DDS; 
José Pablo Tisi, DDS; and Abelardo Báez, DDS, MSc

Ensuring the esthetics and functional longevity of endodontically treated posterior teeth can present dentists with complex challenges that, to date, have been addressed using various therapeutic alternatives. 

This Midline details one solution— a conservative, step-by-step technique for rehabilitating an endodontically treated premolar with wide root canals. It illustrates an indirect method for creating an anatomical fiber-reinforced composite post in combination with a full-coverage composite resin crown restoration.

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February 2019

NEW Interactive Experience!
Combined Ceramic Restorations at the Smile Zone
By Mirela Feraru, DMD; Stefano Inglese, MDT and Nitzan Bichacho, DMD

Many adult patients present with a combination of old crowns at the smile zone that need to be replaced and adjacent teeth that require esthetic treatment. The final esthetic result depends on the treating team’s ability to efficiently communicate during the different steps.

The following clinical case report describes an accurate, controllable, and efficient operative protocol implementing an interdisciplinary approach, together with the step-by-step laboratory workflow. 

*For best viewing on a mobile device, turn your phone to landscape orientation.

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January 2019

"Get in Line": Tips to Create Ideal Line Angles
by James H. Peyton, DDS, FAACD & Brian J. Gilbert, DDS, AAACD

  Proper placement of line angles is critical to achieving the correct anatomic form and primary anatomy of a restoration. Line angles that are “in line” will lead to a final restoration that is anatomically correct. However, correcting line angles on a composite restoration can be challenging.

These tips suggest ways to “get in line,” achieve ideal line angles, and start creating beautiful composite restorations today!


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